Introduction to Animation

So I have just had a seminar with my tutor, Mik Parsons on the introduction to animation. The subject of animation dates back way into the 1645 when the magic lantern was invented.

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In 1824, Peter Mark Roget, an examiner of physiology explained his theory of the ‘persistence of vision’. In his theory, he explains than an image is retained on the retina of the eye until it is placed on a new one. An example of this theory includes the invention of the film projector.

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In 1898, a french illusionist known as George Melies was credited to be the first artist to make objects move. He animated letters of the alphabet.

8 years later, in 1906 James Stuart Blackton made the first animated film ‘Humorous Phases of Funny Faces’. The animation was developed on a chalkboard.

A few years later in 1918, an animator known as Winsor McCay produced ‘The Sinking of the Lusitania’ which was an animated live action silent short. This was the beginning of cel animation.

In 1927, Warner Brothers released ‘The Jazz singer’ which combined sound and images. This production was lip-synchronised film which included meaningful integration of sound and action.

In 1928, Walt Disney released the film Steamboat Willie which contained the effects of sound synchronisation in a cartoon.

In 1932, the first colour cartoon was created by Walt Disney known as ‘Flowers and Trees – a silly Symphonies’. It was Walt Disney’s first Academy Award.

In 1933, Willis O’Brien animated the first feature film that contained models used for stop-motion animation. The film known as King Kong used sixteen inch high models, transparency projection, glass mattes, miniatures and slow motion.

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